Just like diabetes, high blood pressure (Hypertension) leads to heart disease. Blood pressure is measured as systolic / diastolic pressure ( example 120/80). A normal blood pressure is when the diastolic pressure- the lower denominator, is below 90. The systolic blood pressure can vary even upto 150 normally and need not be treated if the diastolic pressure is normal.
To keep the blood pressure in control the most important therapy is exercise. Daily moderate exercise of 45 minutes to one hour is very important. Since diabetes and Blood pressure coexist in many cases this helps to control both the diseases. Diet is the next most important aspect of treatment and medication comes third. Heavy medication has side effects and can some time interfere with normal activities. Hence diet and exercise should be given the highest importance. Diet should aim to reduce weight and it should also take into consideration, the reduction of artery clogging fats. Carbohydrates as mentioned previously, should be kept minimum. Those who are overweight should try and bring down their weight even if they have to go through crash weight reducing programs. Salt restriction is a must to keep bood pressure low.
Relaxation of mind through yoga and listening to music are helpful. Blood pressure is rarely cured. If the blood pressure comes under control because of medication, one should not stop medication. The decision to reduce medication should be made by the physician and not the patient.