Expert views on health issues that matter

Vertigo - Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

ShyamprofileDr. Shyamprasad




  • Spinning sensation
  • Tilting
  • Swaying
  • General sense of imbalance
  • Nausea
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears or hearing loss

The duration of these symptoms can range from a few minutes to a few hours, and they can come and go in irregular intervals thereafter.

The above symptoms maybe triggered due to/during:

  • Tilting your head up or down
  • Lying down
  • Turning over
  • Getting up suddenly


            Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the result of a disturbance inside the inner ear canal. Fluid inside the tubes in your ear, called semicircular canals, moves when your position changes. BPPV develops when small crystals of calcium carbonate that are normally in another area of the ear break free and find their way to the semicircular canal in the inner ear. This causes your brain to receive confusing messages about your body’s position.

             Sometimes such disturbances are also caused due to infections of the inner ear - Vestibular Neuritis. Another common cause is Meniere's disease is caused due to the buildup of fluid and pressure in the inner ear causing dizziness along with ringing in the ears and temporary hearing loss.

            Other serious causes of vertigo include multiple sclerosis, strokes and brain tumors  but the majority of vertigo cases are caused by inner ear issues


            Some people may experience vertigo once and not have a problem with it again. Continuous bouts of vertigo may be a sign of a medical problem. Treatment for vertigo depends on the cause, and can vary from prescribed head movements/exercises and/or medication or in some chronic cases even surgery.

            Most individuals experaincing vertigo for the first time, mistake it to be other serious, potentially life threatening illnesses like heart attacks etc, this happens because the sense of physical stability is lost causing panic reactions.  

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